Геолого-вещественные особенности кимберлитовых диатрем

N. N. Zinchuk

Аннотация


Исследования геологического строения и вещественного состава кимберлитов Сибирской платформы показали сложность и многообразие геолого-тектонических и палеогеографических обстановок, которые следует учитывать при постановке прогнозно-поисковых работ на алмазы в каждом конкретном регионе. Для поисков кимберлитовых тел в различных геолого-тектонических условиях важно знание вещественного состава как искомых диатрем, так и вмещающих, и перекрывающих их осадочных и магматических образований. Каждый алмазоносный район характеризуется определенным комплексом типоморфных ассоциаций первичных и вторичных минералов кимберлитов. В преобладающем большинстве кимберлитовых трубок преобладают алмазы с ультраосновной ассоциацией включений твердых фаз (оливин, хромшпинель, пироп и др.).

Ключевые слова


кимберлиты; трубки; Сибирская платформа; алмазоносный район; типоморфизм минералов; алмазы

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Литература


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17072/psu.geol.33.70

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(c) 2016 N. N. Zinchuk

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