Туффизитовые алмазы на Енисейском кряже

V. I. Silaev, I. A. Kuzmin, V. M. Kolyamkin, E. A. Vasiliev, A. E. Sukharev, I. V. Smoleva, V. N. Filippov, N. S. Kurbatova, A. F. Khazov, V. A. Petrovsky

Аннотация


Впервые проведены комплексные минералого-геохимические исследования алмазов и туффизитоподобных алмазоносных пород, выявленных на Енисейском кряже. Исследованные алмазы характеризуются зеленым цветом, кубоктаэдрическим габитусом, умеренной азотностью, неагрегированным состоянием азотных структурных дефектов. На поверхности алмазов установлены ксеноминеральные пленки, в состав которых входят разнообразные самородно-металлические, карбидные, сульфидные и галогенсульфидные, сульфатные и оксидные фазы. В качестве основных микроэлементов-примесей выступают Ni, Fе, Mn. Весьма неоднородны по изотопному составу углерода как алмазы-индивиды, так и алмазы изученной популяции в целом. Полученные результаты подтверждают выводы о повсеместной зараженности Сибирской платформы алмазами и их полигенности.

Ключевые слова


Сибирская платформа; Енисейский кряж; туффизиты; алмазы; минералого-геохимические свойства; прогноз алмазоносности

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Литература


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17072/psu.geol.16.4.304

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(c) 2017 V. I. Silaev, I. A. Kuzmin, V. M. Kolyamkin, E. A. Vasiliev, A. E. Sukharev, I. V. Smoleva, V. N. Filippov, N. S. Kurbatova, A. F. Khazov, V. A. Petrovsky

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