Литология нижнепермских карбонатных и сульфатных эвапоритов района «классического» кунгура (Пермский край)

T A Kalinina

Аннотация


Литологическое изучение карбонатных и сульфатных эвапоритов района «классического» кунгура на территории Пермского края позволило показать, что данный комплекс пород сформировался в течение пяти циклов развития эвапоритового бассейна, которое завершилось его полным усыханием (исключение составила территория Соликамской впадины). Смена тонкослоистого пелитоморфного или массивного оолитового доломита шевронной, массивной, желваковой и линзовидно-желваковой сульфатной породой в пределах ритмопачки может свидетельствовать о закономерном изменении концентрации вод бассейна в течение одного цикла. Выдержанное строение ритмопачек и их неоднократное чередование в разрезе нижнепермских эвапоритов говорят об осадконакоплении в обширном мелководном, периодически опресняющемся бассейне. Установлено, что текстура сульфатов формируется на стадии седиментации и диагенеза и зависит от содержания несульфатного материала в породе и анизотропии минералообразующей среды. Литологические особенности строения более молодых соликамских соляно-мергельных отложений, сформировавшихся после отложений хлоридных солей в Соликамской впадине, позволяют предполагать их образование в условиях, близких к современным себхам.

Ключевые слова


Пермский край; карбонатные и сульфатные эвапориты; литология; иренская свита; кунгур

Полный текст:

PDF

Литература


Vassoevich N.B. 1958. Tekstura osadochnykh gornykh porod [Texture of sedimentary rocks]. In Spravochnoe rukovodstvo po petrografii osadochnykh porod. T. I. GNTI neftyanoj i gornotoplivnoj literatury. Leningrad, pp. 95-12. (in Russian)

Gerasimov N.P. 1952. Kungurskiy yarus Kamskogo Priuralya [Kungurian Stage of the Kama Pre-Urals]. Uch. zap. Perm. Univ., 7(1): 3-38. (in Russian)

Gerasimov N.P. 1937. O tsiklakh osadkonakopleniya v verkhnem paleozoe Permskogo Priuralya i o granitse karbona i permi [About sedimentation cycles in the Upper Paleozoic of Perm Pre-Urals and about boundary between Сarboniferous and Permian Systems]. In Mezhdunarodnyy geologicheskiy kongress. XVII sessiya: Tez. dokl. Moskva-Leningrad, ONTI, pp. 87-88. (in Russian)

Grigoriev D.P., Zhabin А.G. 1975. Ontogeniya mineralov [Ontogeny of minerals]. Nauka, Moskva, p. 340. (in Russian)

Zherebtsova I.K., Volkova N.N. 1966. Eksperimentalnoe izuchenie povedeniya mikroelementov v protsesse estestvennogo solnechnogo ispareniya vody Chernogo morya i rapy Sasyk-Sivashskogo ozera [Experimental studies of behavior of trace elements during evaporation of the Black Sea water and the Sasyk-Sivashsk lake brine]. Geokhimiya. 7: 832-845. (in Russian)

Zolotova V.P. 1961. Verkhniy gorizont kungurskogo yarusa Permskogo Prikamya [The Upper horizon of Kungurian Stage of the Perm Pre-Kama]. Uch. zap. Perm. Un-ta. 18(2): 3-13. (in Russian)

Ivanov А.А., Voronova M.L. 1975. Verkhnekamskoe mestorozhdenie kaliynykh soley [Verhnekamskoe salt deposit]. Nedra, Leningrad, p. 219. (in Russian)

Ignatiev V.I. 1976. Formirovanie Volgo-Uralskoy anteklizy v permskiy period [Formation of the Volga-Uralian anticlyse during Permian period]. Izd-vo Kazansk. Univ, Kazan, p. 256. (in Russian)

Kopnin V.I. 1996. Kaltsievo-sulfatnye porody v permskikh otlozheniyakh Permskogo Priuralya [Calcium sulfate rocks in Permian deposits of the Perm Pre-Urals]. In Modelirovanie geol. sistem i protsessov. Mat. region. konf. Perm. Univ, Perm, pp. 130-132. (in Russian)

Kopnin V.I. 1973. Usloviya sedimentatsii kungurskikh solenosnykh otlozheniy v Solikamskoy vpadine Preduralskogo progiba [Sedimentation conditions of the Kungurian saliferous deposits in the Solikamsk basin of the Pre-Urals depression]. In Trudy VNIGNI (Kamskoe otdelenie). Perm. knizh. izd-vo, Perm, 118: 221-238. (in Russian)

Maslov V.P. 1960. Stromatolity [Stromatolites]. In Trudy GIN АN SSSR. V. 41, p. 188. (in Russian)

Mezhdunarodnyy kongress «Permskaya sistema zemnogo shara» [International congress "Perm System of the Earth"]. Putevod. geologicheskikh ehkskursiy. Ed. B.I. Chuvashova. UrO RАN, Sverdlovsk, 1991, p. 153. (in Russian)

Naugolnykh S.V. 1998. Stratotip kungurskogo yarusa i ego korrelyatsionnyy potentsial [Stratotype of Kungurian Stage and its correlation potential]. In Biota Vostoka Evrop. Rossii na rubezhe ranney i pozdney permi. Mat. k Mezhdunar. simp. "Verkhnepermskie stratotipy Povolzhya". GEOS, Moskva, pp. 19-33. (in Russian)

Ovanesov G.P., Аlekseev G.P., Belolikov N.I. et al. 1980. Geologicheskaya effektivnost geofizicheskikh rabot v Volgo-Uralskoy neftegazonosnoy provintsii [Geological effectiveness of geophysical prospecting in the Volga-Uralian oil-and-gas province]. Nedra, Moskva, p. 253. (in Russian)

Petrotektonicheskie osnovy bezopasnoy ekspluatatsii Verkhnekamskogo mestorozhdeniya kaliyno-magnievykh soley [Petrotectonic fundamentals of safe mining operation in the Upper Kama deposit of potash-magnesium salts]. Ed. Dzhinoridze N.M. OGUP «Solikamsk», SPb-Solikamsk, 2000, p. 400. (in Russian)

Silantyev V.V. 1998. Ufimskiy yarus. Solikamskiy gorizont [Ufimian Stage. Solikamsk Horizon]. In Biota Vostoka Evropejskoy Rossii na rubezhe ranney i pozdney permi. Mat. k Mezhdunar. Simp. "Verkhnepermskie stratotipy Povolzhya". GEOS, Moskva, pp. 37-54. (in Russian)

Sonin G.V., Kalinina T.А., Osin Yu.N., Vorobev V.V. 2015. Stenochnye stromatolity solikamskogo gorizonta Permskogo Priuralya i ikh proiskhozhdenie [“Stenochnye” stromatolites of the Solikamsk horizon of the Perm Pre-Urals and their origin]. In Sovremennye kontseptsii nauchnykh issledovaniy. Mat. XII Mezhdunar. konf. Moskva, pp.141-147. (in Russian)

Sofronitskiy P.А., Zolotova V.P. 1957. Nizhniy gorizont kungurskogo yarusa Permskogo Prikamya [The lower horizon of Kungurian Stage of the Perm Pre-Kama]. Uch. zap. Perm. Univ., 11(2): 5-12. (in Russian)

Chuvashov B.I., Chernykh V.V. 2009. Filippovskiy karier [Filippovsky open-pit quarry]. In Geologicheskie pamyatniki Permskogo kraya: Entsiklopediya. Gornyy Institut UrO RАN, Knizhnaya ploshzhad, Perm, pp. 123-128. (in Russian)

Shafranovskiy I.I. 1954. Vneshnyaya simmetriya realnykh kristallov i simmetriya pitayushzhej sredy [External symmetry of real crystals and symmetry of the source environment]. Zapiski Vses. min. ob-va. 83(3). (in Russian)

Shvetsov M.S. 1958. Petrografiya osadochnykh porod [Petrography of sedimentary rocks]. Gosgeoltekhizdat, Moskva, p. 417. (in Russian)

Schreiber B.C., Tucker M.E., Till R. 1986. Arid shorelines and evaporites. In Reading H.G. (Ed.) Sedimentary Environments and Facies. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, pp. 189-228.

Bossio A., Esteban M., Giannelli L., Longinelli A., Mazzanti R., Mazzei R., Ricci Lucchi F., Salvatorini G. 1978. Some aspects of the upper Miocene in Tuscany. Messinian Seminar. Pisa, p. 88.

Evans G., Kirkham A. 2005. The Quaternary deposits. In The Emirates: a natural history. P. Hellyer, G. Aspinall. (Eds.) London: The Trident, pp. 65-79.

Francis J.E. 1983. The dominant conifer of the Jurassic Purbec Formation, England. Palaeontology. 26: 277-294.

Holliday D.W. 1965. Nodular gypsum and anhydrite rocks in the Billefjordan region, Spitsbergen. Nor. Polarinst., pp. 65-73.

Hussain M., Warren J.K. 1989. Nodular and enterolithic gypsum: the “Sabkhatization”of Salt flat playa, West Texas. Sedimentary geology. 64:13-24.

Kasprzyk A., Orti F. 1998. Paleogeographic and burial controls on anhydrite genesis: a case study from the Badenian basin in the Carpathian Foredeep (southern Poland, western Ukraine). Sedimentology. 45:889-907.

Kinsman B. 1965. Wind Waves. Englewood Cliffs. Prentice Hall, New Jersey, p. 676.

Lugli S., Gennari R., Gvirtzman Z., Manzi V., Roveri M., Schreiber C.B. 2013. Evidence of clastic evaporites in the canyons of the Levant Basin (Israel): implication for the Messinian salinity crisis. Journal of sedimentary research. 83:942-954.

Macdonald G.S. 1953. Anhydrite-gypsum equilibrium relationships. American Journal of Science. 251(12):884-898.

Nanfito F. 2008. Timing of Diagenesis and Deformation of Carboniferous Gypsum & Anhydrites in Spitsbergen. In Partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree. Summer, p. 62.

Orti F., Rosell L., Ingles M., Playa E. 2007. Depositional models of lacustrine evaporites in the SE margin of the Ebro Basin (Paleogene, NE Spain). Geologica Acta. 5(1):19-34.

Shearman D.J. 1966. Origin of marine evaporites by diagenesis. Transactions of The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy. 75:208-215.

Shearman D.J. 1985. Syndepositional and late diagenetic alteration of primary gypsum to anhydrite. Sixth International Symposium on Salt. Alexandria: Salt Institute, Vol. 1, pp. 41-50.

Testa G., Barbieri M., Cortecci G. 1996. The origin of Messinian evaporites from Tuscany (Italy) based on new stratigraphic and Geochemical data. 17th Regional African European Meeting of Sedimentology: abstract volume. Sfax–Tunisia, pp. 264–265.

Vai G.R., Ricci-Lucchi F. 1977. Algal crusts autochthonous and clastic gypsum in a cannibalistic evaporite basin: a case history from the Messinian of the Northen Apennines. Sedimentology. 24:211-244.

Van Driessche A.E.S., Benning L.G., Rodriguez-Blanco J.D. et al. 2012. The role and implications of bassanite as a stable precursor phase to gypsum precipitation. Science. 336 (6077):69-72.

Warren J.K. 1983. On pedogenic calcrete as it occurs in the vadose zone of Quaternary calcareous dunes in Coastal South Australia. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology. 29:609-638.

Warren J.K. 1982. The hydrological setting, occurrence and significance of gypsum in late Quaternary salt lakes in South Australia. Sedimentology. 29:609-638.

West I.M. 1975. Evaporites and associated sediments of the basal Purbec formation (upper Jurassic) of Dorser. Proceedings of the Geologists Association. 86:205-253.

West I.W. 1979. Review of evaporite diagenesis in the Purbek Formation of Southern England. Symposium Sedimentation jurassique W. Europeen. 1:407-416.

Zamannejad A., Jahani D., Lotfpour M., Movahed B. 2013. Mixed evaporite/carbonate characteristics of the Triassic Kangan Formation, offshore area, Persian Gulf. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas. 30(3):540-551.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17072/psu.geol.28.6

Ссылки

  • На текущий момент ссылки отсутствуют.


(c) 2015 T A Kalinina

URL лицензии: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/