Об истории открытия и природе алмазов в вулканических породах Камчатки

E. I. Gordeev, V. I. Silaev, G. A. Karpov, L. P. Anikin, E. A. Vasiliev, A. E. Sukharev

Аннотация


Кратко описана история открытия алмазов в продуктах извержений вулканов Камчатки и обобщены результаты комплексных исследований толбачинских алмазов – кристалломорфологии, гранной скульптуры, ксеноминеральных примазок и пленок на поверхности, наномикровключений, элементов-примесей, спектроскопических свойств, изотопного состава углерода и азота. Сделан вывод о природном происхождении толбачинских алмазов, образовавшихся непосредственно в среде вулканического пеплогазового облака путем кристаллизации из газов, стимулированной атмосферными электрическими разрядами.

Ключевые слова


Камчатка; вулканизм; алмазы; эксплозивно-атмоэлектрогенное минералообразование

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Литература


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17072/psu.geol.18.4.307

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